In Italy, a National Round Table on Cold Ironing, was set up at the Technical Mission Structure of the Ministry of Infrastructure and Transport / Ministry of Infrastructure and Sustainable Mobility (MIT/MIMS), has to overcome the technical issues hindering the development of dock electrification.
The ‘National Cold Ironing Plan’ started in July 2021 and will end in June 2026, involving some 50 Italian ports. It is part of process to transform port activities towards sustainability and ‘Green Ports’.
In 2022, the reform envisaged in the National Recovery and Resilience Plan (NRRP) on the simplification of authorisation procedures for cold ironing installations was implemented. In fact, a single authorisation for implementation of these works is issued by the Regional authorities in compliance with the regulations governing the protection of the environment, landscape and historical-artistic heritage. The maximum time limit for completing the procedure is 120 days, or 180 days if an environmental impact assessment is required, which has to be carried with an accelerated procedure (the current time limit reduced by half).
From an economic point of view, tax relief and funding were provided to make the electrification of the docks cost effective in the medium term.
The NRRP, approved in 2022, allotted an investment of EUR 700 million for financing or co-financing the implementation of installations of ports belonging to the Trans-European Transport Network (TEN-T), in line with the national decarbonisation targets set in the Energy and Climate Plan (PNIEC) for energy efficiency in transport.